CBSE Sample Papers, Worksheets , Revision Notes

CBSE Class 12 Economics Revision Notes with Important Questions

Chapterwise Economics Notes

Class 12 Economics Notes with Important Questions – Unit 8

Class 12 Economics Notes with Important Questions – Unit 7

Class 12 Economics Notes with Important Questions – Unit 6

Class 12 Economics Notes with Important Questions – Unit 5

Class 12 Economics Notes with Important Questions – Unit 4

Class 12 Economics Notes with Important Questions – Unit 3

Class 12 Economics Notes with Important Questions – Unit 2

Class 12 Economics Notes with Important Questions – Unit 1

Class 12 Economics Important Questions based on CBSE Board Exams

Important Questions of Class 12 Economics Chapter Wise ( Chapter 1 , 2 )

Important Questions of Class 12 Economics Chapter Wise ( Micro Economics )

Important Questions of Class 12 Economics Chapter Wise ( Revenue and Supply )

Important Questions of Class 12 Economics Chapter Wise ( Demand and Production Function )

Important Questions of Class 12 Economics Chapter Wise ( Micro Economics – 2 )

Important Questions of Class 12 Economics Chapter Wise ( National Income )

ECONOMICS Class XII (2019-20)

Part A     Introductory Microeconomics

Marks

Periods

1Introduction

4

8

     2Consumer’s Equilibrium and Demand

13

32

     3Producer Behaviour and Supply

13

32

     4

 

Forms of Market and Price Determination under

Perfect competition with simple applications

10

28

40

100

Part B     Introductory Macroeconomics
    5National Income and Related Aggregates

10

28

    6Money and Banking

6

15

    7Determination of Income and Employment

12

27

    8Government Budget and the Economy

6

15

    9Balance of Payments

6

15

40

100

Part CProject Work

20

20

PART A : INTRODUCTORY MICROECONOMICS

Unit 1 : Introduction ( 8 Periods)

Meaning of microeconomics and macroeconomics, positive and normative economics. What is an economy? Central problems of an economy: what, how and for whom to produce; concepts of production possibility frontier and opportunity cost.

Unit 2 : Consumer’s Equilibrium and Demand ( 32 Periods)

Consumer’s equilibrium – meaning of utility, marginal utility, law of diminishing marginal utility, conditions of consumer’s equilibrium using marginal utility analysis. Indifference curve analysis of consumer’s equilibrium-the consumer’s budget (budget set and budget line), preferences of the consumer (indifference curve, indifference map) and conditions of consumer’s equilibrium. Demand, market demand, determinants of demand, demand schedule, demand curve and its slope, movement along and shifts in the demand curve; price elasticity of demand – factors affecting price elasticity of demand; measurement of price elasticity of demand; percentage-change method.

Unit 3 : Producer Behaviour and Supply ( 32 Periods) 

Meaning of production function – Short-Run and Long-Run Total Product, Average Product and Marginal Product. Returns to a Factor Cost : Short run costs – total cost, total fixed cost, total variable cost; Average cost; Average fixed cost, average variable cost and marginal cost-meaning and their relationships. Revenue – total, average and marginal revenue – meaning and their relationships.Producer’s equilibrium-meaning and its conditions in terms of marginal revenue-marginal cost. Supply, market supply, determinants of supply, supply schedule, supply curve and its slope, movements along and shifts in supply curve, price elasticity of supply; measurement of price elasticity of supply percentage change method.

Unit 4 : Forms of Market and Price Determination under Perfect Competition
with simple applications.           ( 28 Periods) 

Perfect competition – Features; Determination of market equilibrium and effects of shifts in demand and supply. Other Market Forms – monopoly, monopolistic competition, oligopoly – their meaning and features. Simple Applications of Demand and Supply : Price ceiling, price floor.

PART B : INTRODUCTORY MACROECONOMICS

Unit 5 : National Income and Related Aggregates (28 Periods)

Some basic concepts : Consumption goods, capital goods, final goods, intermediate goods; stocks and flows; gross investment and depreciation. Circular flow of income; Methods of calculating National Income – Value Added or Product method, Expenditure method, Income method. Aggregates related to National Income : Gross National Product (GNP), Net National Product (NNP), Gross and Net Domestic Product (GDP and NDP) – at market price, at factor cost; Real and Nominal GDP. GDP and Welfare

Unit 6 : Money and Banking (15 Periods)

Money – meaning and supply of money – currency held by the public and net demand deposits held by commercial banks. money creation by the commercial banking system. Central bank and its functions (example of the Reserve Bank of India). Bank of issue, Govt. Bank, Banker’s Bank, Control of Credit through Bank Rate, CRR, SLR, Repo, Rate and Reverse Repo Rate, Open Market Operations, Margin requirement.

Unit 7 : Determination of Income and Employment (27 Periods)

Aggregate demand and its components. Propensity to consume and propensity to save (average and marginal). Short-Run equilibrium output; investment multiplier and its mechanism. Meaning of full employment and involuntary unemployment. Problems of excess demand and deficient demand; measures to correct them – changes in government spending, taxes and money supply

Unit 8 : Government Budget and the Economy (18 Periods)

Government budget – meaning, objectives and components. Classification of receipts – revenue receipts and capital receipts; classification of expenditure – revenue expenditure and capital expenditure. Measures of government deficit – revenue deficit, fiscal deficit, primary deficit-their meaning.

Unit 9 : Balance of Payments (15 Periods)

Balance of payments account – meaning and components; balance of payments deficit-meaning. Foreign exchange rate – meaning of fixed and flexible rates and managed floating. Determination of exchange rate in a free market.

Prescribed Books:
  • Statistics for Economics, Class XI, NCERT
  • Indian Economic Development, Class XI, NCERT
  • Introductory Micro Economics, Class XII, NCERT
  • Macro Economics, Class XII, NCERT
  • Supplementary Reading Material in Economics, Class XII, CBSE