The Science Subject for Class 10th has all the three branches Physics, Chemistry and Biology compiled as one textbook. This subject is very integral part of overall Class 10th Studies and has lot of concepts and if one looks to attain high score, it becomes imperative to have clear understanding of those concepts.Here on Ribblu.com you will find the most comprehensive Class 10 Science Notes along with important Question answers and tips. Every Science chapter covered below covers notes for school exams, CBSE board exams and even Science Olympiads.Check the links given below for more information about each chapter given in the class 10 science syllabus
These notes will help students in solving the extra , between the lines and HOTS questions that are asked in exams. The Revision notes of the NCERT Science will also help in understanding the chapters properly as it will contain the important points for revision purpose in short times
CBSE Class 10 Science Notes
CBSE Class 10 Science Handwritten Note
For Preparation of exams students can also check out other resource material
Revision Notes of Other Subjects of Class 10
Chemical reactions : Chemical equation, Balanced chemical equation, implication of a balanced chemical equation, types of chemical reactions : Combination, decomposition, displacement, double displacement, precipitation, neutralisation, oxidation and reduction.
Acids, bases and salts : Their definitions in terms of furnishing of H+ and OH-ions, General properties, examples and uses, concept of pH scale (Definition relating to logarithm not required), importance of pH in everyday life; preparation and uses of Sodium Hydroxide, Bleaching powder, Baking soda, Washing soda and Plaster of Paris
Metals and non metals : Properties of metals and non-metals; Reactivity series; Formation and properties of ionic compounds; Basic metallurgical processes; Corrosion and its prevention.
Carbon compounds : Covalent bonding in carbon compounds. Versatile nature of carbon. Homologous series. Nomenclature of carbon compounds containing functional groups (halogens, alcohol, ketones, aldehydes, alkanes and alkynes), difference between saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons. Chemical properties of carbon compounds (combustion, iv oxidation, addition and substitution reaction). Ethanol and Ethanoic acid (only properties and uses), soaps and detergents
Periodic classification of elements : Need for classification, Early attempts at classification of elements (Dobereiner’s Triads, Newland’s Law of Octaves, Mendeleev’s Periodic Table), Modern periodic table, graduation in properties, valency, atomic number, metallic and non-metallic properties.
Life processes : ‘Living Being’. Basic concept of nutrition, respiration, transport and excretion in plants and animals.
Control and coordination in animals and plants : Topic movements in plants; Introduction of plant hormones; Control and coordination in animals; Nervous system; Voluntary, involuntary and reflex action; Chemical coordination; animal hormones.
Reproduction : Reproduction in animals and plants (asexual and sexual) reproductive health-need and methods of family planning. Safe sex vs HIV/ AIDS. Child bearing and women’s health.
Heredity and Evolution : Heredity; Mendel’s contribution – Laws for inheritance of traits, Sex determination : Brief introduction; Basic concepts of evolution
Reflection of light by curved surfaces; Images formed by spherical mirrors, centre of curvature, principal axis, principal focus, focal length, mirror formula (Derivation not required), magnification. Refraction; Laws of refraction, refractive index. Refraction of light by spherical lens; Image formed by spherical lens; Lens formula (Derivation not required); Magnification. Power of lens.
Functioning of a lens in human eye, defects of vision and their corrections, applications of spherical mirrors and lenses. Refraction of light through a prism, dispersion of light, scattering of light, applications in daily life.
Electric current, potential difference and electric current. Ohm’s law; Resistance, resistivity, Factors on which the resistance of a conductor depends. Series combination of resistors, parallel combination of resistors and its applications in daily life. Heating effect of electric current and its applications in daily life. Electric power, Interrelation between P, V, I and R.
Magnetic effects of current : Magnetic field, field lines, field due to a current currying conductor, field due to current carrying coil or solenoid; Force on current carrying conductor, Fleming’s Left Hand Rule, Electric Motor, Electromagnetic induction. Induced potential difference, Induced current. Fleming’s Right Hand Rule, Electric Generator, Direct Current. Alternating current : frequency of AC. Advantage of Ac over DC. Domestic electric circuits.
Sources of energy : Different forms of energy, conventional and nonconventional sources of energy : Fossil fuels, solar energy; biogas; wind, water and tidal energy; Nuclear energy. Renewable versus non-renewable sources of Energy.
Our environment : Eco-system, Environmental problems, Ozone depletion, waste production and their solutions. Biodegradable and non-biodegradable substances.
Management of natural resources : Conservation and judicious use of natural resources. Forest and wild life; Coal and Petroleum conservation. Examples of people’s participation for conservation of natural resources. Big dams; advantages and limitations; alternatives, if any. Water harvesting. Sustainability of natural resources.